Hiking and Trekking Poles: The Essentials

At HikeTrekZone, we appreciate the importance of having the right gear when embarking on hiking and trekking adventures. Among the important equipment, hiking and trekking poles can play a significant role in providing stability, support, and balance while traversing various terrains. This article, guides you through the world of hiking and trekking poles, discussing the different types available, their pros and cons, and offering suggestions, even our furry friends.

Hiking vs. Trekking

Before we delve into the specifics of hiking and trekking poles, in case you haven’t yet read our Hiking and Trekking overview, let’s clarify the difference between hiking and trekking. While both activities involve walking in nature, there are a few distinctions to be aware of. Hiking generally refers to day trips or shorter excursions on well-marked trails, often in less rugged terrain. On the other hand, trekking involves longer journeys, sometimes lasting several days, in more remote and challenging environments.

Regardless of whether you’re hiking or trekking, using poles can greatly enhance your experience. These invaluable tools provide stability, reduce strain on joints, and improve overall balance, especially when tackling steep ascents or descents. They also help distribute the load more evenly, relieving pressure on your legs and lower back.

Types of Hiking and Trekking Poles

There are several types of hiking and trekking poles available on the market, each with its own set of features and benefits. Let’s explore some of the most common types:

Collapsible Poles

Collapsible poles, also known as telescopic poles, are a popular choice among outdoor enthusiasts. These poles consist of adjustable sections that can be extended or retracted according to your desired length. They are lightweight, compact when folded, and easily adjustable, making them suitable for various terrains and hikers of different heights.


  • Easy to pack and transport
  • Adjustable length for versatility
  • Suitable for hikers with varying heights


  • Slightly heavier than other types
  • More prone to vibration and noise

Example brands:

  1. Black Diamond
  2. Leki
  3. REI Co-op

Fixed-Length Poles

Fixed-length poles, as the name suggests, have a set length that cannot be adjusted. These poles are often favored by experienced hikers who know their preferred pole height and value the simplicity and durability of a fixed design. They are generally lighter and more rigid than collapsible poles, providing excellent stability on rugged terrains.


  • Lightweight and durable
  • Increased rigidity for stability
  • Simple design without adjustable parts


  • Less versatility due to fixed length
  • Challenging to transport in some cases

Example brands:

  • Black Diamond Distance Carbon Z
  • Komperdell Carbon C2 Ultralight

Shock-Absorbing Poles

Shock-absorbing poles are equipped with an internal spring or suspension system that dampens impact and reduces strain on your joints. This feature is particularly beneficial when hiking or trekking on hard surfaces or encountering uneven terrain. Shock-absorbing poles are appreciated by individuals with joint issues or those seeking extra cushioning.


  • Absorbs shock and reduces joint impact
  • Enhanced comfort on hard surfaces
  • Suitable for individuals with joint issues


  • Slightly heavier due to the added suspension
  • The suspension system may require maintenance

Example brands:

  1. Black Diamond Trail Shock
  2. Komperdell Explorer Contour Power Lock

Folding Poles

Folding poles, also known as Z-poles, are designed with multiple collapsible sections that fold up similar to a tent pole. These poles are incredibly lightweight and compact, making them an excellent choice for backpackers or those with limited storage space. While folding poles may not offer the same level of adjustability as telescopic poles, they make up for it with their convenience and portability.


  • Extremely lightweight and compact
  • Easy to store and transport
  • Quick and straightforward deployment


  • Limited adjustability compared to telescopic poles
  • Potentially less sturdy due to folding design

Example brands:

  1. Black Diamond Distance Z
  2. Gossamer Gear LT5

Factors to Consider When Purchasing Trekking Poles

When looking to purchase and hiking and trekking poles, there are several important factors to consider. These factors will help ensure that you select poles that are well-suited to your needs and preferences. Here are some key considerations:

Height Adjustability

The ability to adjust the height of your trekking poles is crucial for finding the most comfortable and ergonomic fit. Look for poles with adjustable length options, such as telescopic or collapsible poles, which allow you to customize the height based on your height and the terrain you’ll be hiking or trekking on.


The weight of the trekking poles is an important consideration, especially if you plan on embarking on long-distance treks or multi-day hikes. Lightweight poles can reduce fatigue and strain on your arms and shoulders, making your journey more enjoyable. Materials like carbon fiber are known for their lightweight properties.


Durability is essential to ensure that your trekking poles can withstand the rigors of outdoor adventures. Look for poles made from sturdy materials like aluminum or carbon fiber, which are known for their strength and durability. Reinforced locking mechanisms and strong pole tips are also important features to consider.

Grip Material

The grip material of the trekking poles plays a significant role in your comfort and control. Look for poles with ergonomic and non-slip grips that provide a secure hold, even when your hands are sweaty or wet. Cork and foam are common grip materials that offer excellent comfort and moisture-wicking properties.

Wrist Strap Design

Wrist straps are essential for maintaining a secure connection between you and your trekking poles. Look for adjustable and padded wrist straps that can be easily adjusted to fit your hand size and provide added comfort. The straps should allow for a natural range of motion and facilitate efficient transfer of energy between your hands and the poles.

Shock Absorption

If you anticipate hiking or trekking on rugged or uneven terrain, consider poles with built-in shock absorption features. Shock-absorbing poles can help reduce the impact on your joints and muscles, providing additional comfort during your outdoor adventures. Keep in mind that shock-absorbing mechanisms may add some weight to the poles.

Pole Tip Options

Different pole tip options are available, and choosing the right one depends on the terrain you’ll be traversing. Carbide tips are durable and provide excellent traction on rocky surfaces, while rubber tips offer better grip and reduce noise on hard surfaces like pavement. Some poles also come with interchangeable tips to accommodate various terrains.


Consider your budget when selecting trekking poles. Prices can vary based on the brand, materials, features, and overall quality of the poles. While it’s important to invest in durable and reliable poles, there are options that will suit your needs without breaking the bank.

By taking these factors into account, you can make an informed decision when purchasing trekking poles that meet your specific requirements and enhance your hiking or trekking experience.

Refer to our article on Hiking and Trekking Pole Brands for more information.

Hiking and Trekking Poles for Dogs/Pets

While hiking and trekking poles are primarily designed for humans, they can also benefit our four-legged companions. Using poles can help support dogs on challenging terrain, provide stability for older or injured pets, and alleviate strain on their joints. When selecting hiking and trekking poles for dogs, it’s important to consider their size, weight, and any specific requirements based on their breed and health condition.

Recommended brands for hiking and trekking poles for dogs include Ruffwear, Mountainsmith K-9, and Kurgo.


Hiking and trekking poles can be indispensable tools for outdoor enthusiasts. They provide stability, support, and balance, allowing you to tackle challenging terrains with ease. With various types of poles available, including collapsible, fixed-length, shock-absorbing, and folding poles, there is a suitable option for every hiker or trekker.


  1. Q: Are hiking and trekking poles necessary for beginners?
    • While not mandatory, hiking and trekking poles can greatly enhance stability and reduce strain, making them beneficial for beginners.
  2. Q: Can hiking and trekking poles be used on any terrain?
    • Yes, hiking and trekking poles are versatile and can be used on a wide range of terrains, including rocky, steep, and slippery surfaces.
  3. Q: Do I need to use two poles or is one sufficient?
    • Using two poles provides better balance and stability, particularly on challenging terrain. However, some hikers may prefer using a single pole.
  4. Q: Can I use hiking and trekking poles for other activities, such as snowshoeing or Nordic walking
    1. Absolutely! Hiking and trekking poles can be used for various outdoor activities that involve walking or hiking, including snowshoeing and Nordic walking
  5. Q: How do I properly adjust the height of hiking and trekking poles?
    • To adjust the height of your poles, loosen the locking mechanism, extend or retract the sections to the desired length, and securely tighten the locks.
  6. Q: How do I determine the correct height for my trekking poles?
    • To determine the correct height, hold the trekking poles upside down, grip the handles, and position your elbows at a 90-degree angle. Adjust the length until your forearms are parallel to the ground. This provides a good starting point, and you can further fine-tune the height based on your comfort and the terrain.
  7. Q: Are trekking poles suitable for all ages?
    • Yes, trekking poles can be used by hikers of all ages. However, it’s important to consider the individual’s strength, coordination, and comfort level. For children, ensure that the poles are lightweight and adjustable to accommodate their height.
  8. Q: Can I use trekking poles if I have a pre-existing injury or condition?
    • Trekking poles can provide added support and stability for individuals with pre-existing injuries or conditions. However, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if using trekking poles is suitable for your specific situation.
  9. Q: How do I maintain and care for my trekking poles?
    • Regularly inspect your trekking poles for any signs of damage or wear. Clean them after each use, especially if they come into contact with mud or debris. Lubricate the locking mechanisms if necessary. Store them in a dry place and avoid exposing them to extreme temperatures or prolonged sunlight.
  10. Q: Are trekking poles only useful for steep ascents or descents?
    • While trekking poles are beneficial for navigating steep terrain, they provide stability and support on various types of trails. They can assist with balance, reduce fatigue, and provide extra support on flat or uneven surfaces as well.
  11. Q: Can I travel with trekking poles?
    • Yes, trekking poles are designed to be portable. Many models are collapsible or foldable, allowing for easy packing and transportation. Some airlines may require you to pack them in checked luggage, so it’s advisable to check with your airline’s guidelines beforehand.
  12. Q: Are there any exercises or techniques to improve my trekking pole usage?
    • Yes, you can practice techniques like the “plant and push” motion, where you plant the poles slightly ahead of you and push off to gain momentum. You can also engage in exercises that strengthen your upper body and core, which can enhance your pole usage and overall stability while hiking or trekking.
  1. Remember to consult the manufacturer’s instructions for specific adjustments and maintenance guidelines.


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At HikeTrekZone we're passionate about experiencing the great outdoors in a safe and compassionate way, whether that be on your own or with family and friends as well as pets. Getting out into nature is one of the best mood boosters and also improves health and fitness levels at the same time. What's not to like! Our aim is to help you enjoy your hiking and trekking experience in the safest and most enjoyable way possible and the way to do that, in our opinion, is to be armed with correct, up-to-date information and products. We hope you enjoy reading our content. Additional information is added regularly so be sure to come back and see what's new! Happy Hiking!

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